The Unicist Ontology of Complex Systems

The Unicist Ontology of Complex Systems was researched and developed by Peter Belohlavek at The Unicist Research Institute based on the experiences and applications in medicine, human behavior, social behavior, businesses and future research. The apprehension of complex systems requires a significant abstraction and integration effort in order to be able to emulate these systems in mind.

Complex SystemsThis unicist ontology provides an answer that ends the open discussion of what complex systems are. It allowed defining the functionality of complex systems and how to influence such systems and build them.

A Complex system is an entity that works as a composite unicist object, integrated by a conjunction of objects, that has open boundaries with the environment.

All complex systems are organized by objects, which allow managing complexity. This is self-evident in a human body where each organ is an interdependent object to sustain the life of the human being. Another example in social life can help to clarify this characteristic of the complex systems: the roles people assume work as objects in society.

At an operational level, the core characteristics of a complex system are:

  1. All the elements of the complex system are integrated by conjunctions without the possibility of the existence of disjunctions.
  2. The openness of the boundaries of the objects that integrate the complex system and the openness of the system as an object itself.

A unicist object is defined as an adaptive system that has a concept to fulfill, has a value adding function and a quality assurance process to sustain the purpose of the system. The concept is defined by having a purpose, an active function to put the purpose in action and an energy conservation function to sustain the achievement of the purpose.

The complexity of a system is intrinsic, which means that it does not depend on the perception of an individual. But in order to apprehend a complex system it is necessary that the person emulates the system in mind, which fully depends on the individual.

This requires that the individual needs to be able to go beyond a dualistic thinking process in order to be able to apprehend the conjunctions implicit in the system and needs to have the concept of the environment in order to be able to deal with the open boundaries of the system.

There are fields that are generally accepted as being complex such as: Life-sciences, social sciences, anthropology, political sciences, economic sciences, behavioral sciences, medicine, psychology, education, businesses, ecology, meteorology.

The Ontological Algorithm of a Complex System

The driver of a complex system is the concept that regulates its unified field to generate results. This driver is what generates the emergence (results) of the complex system.

Ontological Algorithm of a Complex SystemThe system needs to add value in order to influence the environment to sustain the openness of its boundaries. The fulfillment of the purpose of the concept is sustained by a quality assurance process that needs to manage the influence of the environment.

The maximal strategy is based on managing the conjunction of the objects that integrate the complex system. It requires identifying the objects that integrate the system and how they are integrated.

The integration of the objects is given by their conjunction including them following the rules of the double dialectical logic. This logic defines that each object is integrated with another object assuming a complementary or supplementary role and their integration builds an object of superior order of complexity.

Since these interdependent objects that have biunivocal relationships are integrated, it is necessary to apprehend them as a unified field using the unicist logic, which emulates the ontogenetic intelligence of nature.

The functionality of the biunivocal influence works as the catalyst of the functionality of the complex system.

The minimum strategy that sustains the functionality of the complex system is built upon the management of the open boundaries based on the adaptive behavior of its elements. Such adaptive behavior implies that adaptiveness is sustained by the influence that is exerted by the system while the influence that is exerted by the environment on the system is managed.

The influence exerted on the environment is based on the complementation of the complex system with the environment. This complementation requires covering two different aspects:

  • An asymmetric complementation with negative slope in order to have an influential role.
  • A symmetric complementation to establish a participative relationship with the environment.

The influence exerted by the environment is based on a competitive relationship, which implies the existence of supplementary roles between the system and the environment. This requires paying the prices of sustaining the objective of the system within the boundaries established by the influence of the environment.

Adaptiveness is the final goal of the minimum strategy and requires managing the biunivocal influence between the system and the environment.

Levels of Complexity Management

The complexity of a system is defined intrinsically by the characteristics of the system. The more objects that integrate a complex system, the higher the level of complexity of such system.

Five levels of complex systems have been defined:

  • Level of Complexity 0 – Over-adaptive Complex System
  • Level of Complexity 1 – Influential Complex System
  • Level of Complexity 2 – Reactive Complex System
  • Level of Complexity 3 – Proactive Complex System
  • Level of Complexity 4 – Adaptive Complex System

Unicist Ontology of Complex SystemsLevel of Complexity 0 – Over-adaptive Complex Systems

These are entities that have adjacent roles to the environment which makes them work as “hygienic” entities.

They have no internal complexity because they follow the environment which implies that they establish an asymmetric complementation with positive slope. Over-adaptive systems are not complex.

Level of Complexity 1 – Influential Complex Systems

These are the complex systems that participate in isolated niches of the environment having the capacity of influencing the environment by providing elements that are perceived as necessary by the environment.

They are integrated by few interdependent objects and the open boundaries deal with a restricted isolated environment. Their level of complexity is given by the need to build complementary roles.

Level of Complexity 2 – Reactive Complex Systems

This level includes the complexity implicit in the previous level. These are complex systems that are organized to manage the influence of the environment without over-adapting.

These system are extremely efficient in their peripheral structure, which allows them to respond to the influence of the environment without losing their purpose and functionality. Their level of complexity if given by the need to manage the influence exerted by the environment.

Level of Complexity 3 – Proactive Complex Systems

This level includes the complexity implicit in the previous level. These are complex systems that exert an active influence on the environment in order to expand.

They are expansive entities that have developed a superior capacity to manage processes in a competitive environment that is basically defined by the biunivocal relationships they need to manage. Their level of complexity is given by the need to manage biunivocal relationships with the environment.

Level of Complexity 4 – Adaptive Complex Systems

This level includes the complexity implicit in the previous level. These are complex systems that adapt to the environment that are driven by their capacity of building bridges between apparently incompatible needs.

They manage the capacity to build complementation at a superior level when the lower level fails. They are innovative entities that manage the conflicts with the environment by generating additional added value. Their level of complexity is given by the need to manage the future of the environment, the possibilities of the system and its complementation in changing environments.

Conclusion

All complex systems are organized by objects, which allow managing complexity. This is self-evident in a human body where each organ is an interdependent object to sustain the life of the human being.

Another example in social life can help to clarify this characteristic of the complex systems: the roles people assume work as objects in society.

This has several consequences:

  1. A complex system is, by definition, constituted by interdependent objects.
  2. When researching a complex system what needs to be researched are the objects of the system.
  3. When a human built complex system has no established objects, it is transformed into an over-adaptive system.
  4. To apprehend complex systems individuals need to be able to emulate their architecture in mind, which requires being able to deal with open boundaries and conjunctions while leaving aside the disjunctions implicit in value judgments.

Unicist Executive Committee

NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute was the pioneer in using the unicist logical approach in complexity science research and became a private global decentralized leading research organization in the field of human adaptive systems. It has an academic arm and a business arm. http://www.unicist.org/turi.pdf

FacebookLinkedInTwitterGoogle+

Discovery of cultural over-adaptation and its consequences

Over-adaptation implies stagnation. The stagnation is a consequence and over-adaptive behaviors are the drivers that generate stagnation.

An over-adaptive behavior is part of any expansive (adaptive) process.

Cultural expansion requires being able to influence the environment and then use the over-adaptive behavior in order to save energy.

It requires being able to influence the environment in a way that generates growth.

When this influential attitude does not exist, whatever the reasons, the over-adaptive process has begun.

This necessarily generates stagnation in the environment. Standing still in an environment that is evolving produces involution measured in terms of the vital space that is being occupied in the context.

Peter Belohlavek

NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute was the pioneer in using the unicist logical approach in complexity science research and became a private global decentralized leading research organization in the field of human adaptive systems. It has an academic arm and a business arm.
http://www.unicist.org/repo/#Unicist

FacebookLinkedInTwitterGoogle+

Discovery that complementation and supplementation rule nature

The research on adaptive systems drove to the conclusion that nature has only two types of relationships: complementation and supplementation. The use of a unicist double dialectical thinking approach is necessary to apprehend them.

The elements that are part of an entity in nature are integrated by supplementary and complementary relationships. There exist no other types of relationships in nature.

These relationships can be perfect or imperfect. When they are perfect the entity evolves in a stable way, when they are imperfect they generate a high level of entropy.

The purpose, the conservation function and the active function of a concept are integrated by logical rules which sustain their unity.

While the purpose and the active function are sustained by the supplementation law, the purpose and the conservation function are integrated by the complementation law.

Access a synthesis on “The Homology between Unicist Concepts and Stem Cells, Atoms, Biology, the TAO and Electricity” that is available at the Scientific Dissemination Program:
http://www.unicist.org/pdf/homology_atoms_biology.pdf

Unicist Press Committee

NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute was the pioneer in using the unicist logical approach in complexity science research and became a private global decentralized leading research organization in the field of human adaptive systems. It has an academic arm and a business arm.
http://www.unicist.org/turi.pdf

FacebookLinkedInTwitterGoogle+

The unicist explanation of Darwin: How evolution takes place

The question answered by The Unicist Theory of Evolution is how evolution is produced and how it can be anticipated to influence as far as it is possible.

Darwin's finchesWhen talking about evolution, we always refer to the evolution of a reality that is regulated by the multiple concepts organizing its “unified field”.

Charles Darwin demonstrated the adaptation process of species that, having the same structural constitution, develop adaptive changes to live in a certain environment. It is necessary to comprehend that the evolution of species has a materialistic origin.

Habit is hereditary with plants, as in the period of flowering, in the amount of rain requisite for seeds to germinate, in the time of sleep, &c., and this leads me to say a few words on acclimatisation. As it is extremely common for species of the same genus to inhabit very hot and very cold countries, and as I believe that all the species of the same genus have descended from a single parent, if this view be correct, acclimatisation must be readily effected during long-continued descent. It is notorious that each species is adapted to the climate of its own home: species from an arctic or even from a temperate region cannot endure a tropical climate, or conversely. (Charles Darwin: The Origin of Species)

Evolution always occurs by the “verbal function effect”. Adaptation to the environment is lost when the action where the adverbial function is materialized stops being functional to the existence of a concept in its current state.

In this case, there are two possibilities: either the adverbial function compensates the dysfunctionality or it does not.

In order to adjust this, the adverbial function starts up the verbal function it has as sub-concept of the original concept. This compensation may be reached or not.

If reached, there is an adjustment effect which is functional to the balance at a given time and let repairing or self-repairing mechanisms adjust the dysfunctionality.

When there are no chances of repair, the balance of the credibility area must have changed in the case of an extrinsic concept, or there must have been a change in the functionality area when dealing with an intrinsic concept.

It may also happen that the adverbial function (homeostasis) cannot compensate the unbalance situation produced by the dysfunctionality of the verbal function. Should that be the case, there is a modification of the substantive function.

In this case, a mutation must have taken place. When purposes change mutation occur.

Mutations may be qualitative or structural. By qualitative mutations we mean those that modify the quality of the same structural purpose.

Structural mutations are those where the purpose changes completely. Structural mutations frequently occur when, in chaotic situations, there appears an external gravitating force which intends to “absorb” a unified field.

It is very difficult to know exactly when the mutation will take place and what it will result in.

What it is possible indeed is to build alternative scenarios which allow a better adaptation to the environment.

Peter Belohlavek

NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute was the pioneer in using a logical approach to deal with evolution and became a private global decentralized world-class research organization in the field of human adaptive systems.  http://www.unicist.org

FacebookLinkedInTwitterGoogle+

The Unicist Ontology of Biological Entities

The unicist ontology of a “biological entity” defines its structure and functionality in an environment.

The understanding of the ontology of “biological entities” helps to follow the laws of nature when dealing with genetic engineering processes and use it to apprehend the nature of beings with “artificial life” such as institutions.

The genotype defines the genetic structure of the entity that rules its evolution and generates the phenotype of the being.

The objective of the genotype is to ensure the permanence of species, it reproduction and production.

The phenotype defines the morphologic, behavioral and materialistic characteristics of the entity. It defines the functional characteristics, the functional power of the entity and the functional assurance.

Functionality defines the effectiveness of the phenotype measured as the consequence of the adaptation of the biological entity to the environment. Functionality is measured in the capacity of adapting and growing, on the one hand, and surviving, on the other hand.

To apprehend the dynamic of a biological entity it is necessary to manage the unicist double dialectical logic. Dualistic approaches only allow making static observations of a biological entity and/or making disruptive interventions on its evolution.

Peter Belohlavek

NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute was the pioneer in complexity science research and became a private global decentralized leading research organization in the field of human adaptive systems. http://www.unicist.org

FacebookLinkedInTwitterGoogle+

Evolution: The power of a Nation is in its Archetype

The Power of a Nation provides a gravitational force for its external relations in the public and private fields that defines the level of synergy of the culture and establishes the standard for social, economic and political behaviors in terms of their capacity to influence the environment.

The Power of NationsWe are entering in one of the most obscure aspects of social behavior that deals with the power that cultures have and transfer to their members.

Essentially, the power of a Nation is synthesized in its archetype which has a level of energy that allows the Nation to follow a common goal with a natural path to achieve it.

The first obscure aspect is to accept that different countries have a different level of energy to influence the environment to transform nature for the benefit of their members.

Defining these differences is implicitly the explanation of the different levels of development of countries and explains also why the solution towards a higher level of power to influence the environment has to come from the inside and not from the outside.

This work is the result of more than 30 years of researching and forecasting the evolution of countries until the fundamentals that define the power of Nations were refined and proven that they have no exceptions.

At an operational level statistics is an adequate tool for most of the social researches. At an essential level, when dealing with the world of possibilities, the conclusions are 0 (zero) or 1 (one). No probabilities are admissible.

The power of a Nation is in its Archetype

The archetype of a Nation defines its power. But archetypes evolve, and this evolution occurs driven by the elite of a country. Elites have two roles in a country. On the one hand, they are the representatives of the archetype of the culture and, on the other hand, they are the ones that foster its evolution.

You can access the application of Country Archetypes in the “Conceptual Economy: a macro-micro approach” at: http://www.unicist.org/repo/#Economy

Peter Belohlavek

NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute was the pioneer in using the unicist logical approach in complexity science research and became a private global decentralized leading research organization in the field of human adaptive systems. It has an academic arm and a business arm. http://www.unicist.org/repo/#Unicist

FacebookLinkedInTwitterGoogle+